Lectionary Year C
December 17, 2000
Luke 3:7-18

Initial Acquaintance/Rough Translation

(FS) - Step I:

A. Comparison of Modern Translations

v. 7b
NRSV "Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come?"
NEB "...the coming retribution..."
NIV "...the coming wrath..."
Nueva Biblia Española ("New Spanish Bible" of 1975, henceforth NBE)
"...el castigo imminente..." ("the coming punishment") [DH--coming castigation? Is there a difference?]

RSV "fruits that befit repentance"
NEB "then prove your repentance by the fruit it bears"
NIV "produce fruits in keeping with repentance"
NBE "dad el fruto que corresponde al arrepentimiento" (give the fruit that corresponds with repentance)

v. 12
KJV "publicans"
NIV, NRSV "tax collectors"

v. 13
NRSV "Collect no more than the amount prescribed for you"
NASB "Collect no more than what you have been ordered to"
NIV "Don't collect any more than you are required to"
NBE "No exijáis más de lo que tenéis establecido" (Do not demand more than what you have established)

V. 14b
RSV "Rob no one by violence or by false accusation"
NEB "No bullying; no blackmail; make do with your pay"
NIV "Don't extort money and don't accuse people falsely--be content with your pay"
NBE "No hagáis violencia a nadie ni saquéis dinero; conformaos con vuestro pago" (Do not do violence to anyone, nor extort money; settle for your pay.)

v. 15
KJV "and as the people were in expectation..."
NEB "on the tiptoe of expectation"
NRSV "the people were filled with expectation"

v. 16
KJV "he will baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire"
NRSV "with the Holy Spirit and fire"

v. 17
NRSV, NIV "His winnowing fork is in his hand"
NEB "His shovel is in his hand"
NRSV, NIV "to clear his threshing floor and to gather the wheat into his...NRSV, "granery"; NIV, "barn"

B. Textual variants--

Gr. "kalon" (bad) was added to "karpon" (fruit) in 3:10-- perhaps to accomodate John's access to a dominical teaching, thus improving sense? Metzger, Textual Commentary on the Greek NT, p. 135)

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