YEARTECHNOLOGY &
SCIENCE
ARTS &
LITERATURE
MILITARYEVENTS
PRE 1800's
1799Electric Battery
1800'S
1800Jacquard Loom
1802Steam Locomotive
1803John Dalton introduce atomic theory into chemistry
1806Carbon Paper
1807Steam Ship
1810'S
1811
  • Rise of the Luddites
1816
  • Frankenstein Mary Shelley
  • Charlotte Bronte born
1820'SPopulationGreat Britain XX.X milU.S. 9.6 mil.
1824Daguerrotype Photography
1830'SPopulationGreat Britain 13.9 milU.S. 12.8 mil.
1837Queen Victoria takes the throne
1838Small Electric Motors
First Telegraph
1839First Opium War begins
British Army in Afghanistan
1840'SPopulationGreat Britain 18.5 milU.S. 17 mil.
1840
  • London Library opened
  • Queen Victoria marries her Albert, her cousin
  • The penny post is introduced
  • Frederick William IV of Prussia takes the throne
  • Botannical Gardens at Kew open
1841
  • Hypnosis discovered
  • The Old Curiosity Shop, Dickens
  • The Murders in the Rue Morgue, Poe
  • Punch begins publication in London
  • John Tyler, US President
  • Robert Peel, Prime Minister
  • Queen Victoria Gives birth to Edward
  • New Zealand becomes a British colony
1842
  • Doppler effect
  • The Masque of the Red Death, Poe
  • The polka becomes popular
  • The Chartist Riots
  • Queen Victoria makes her first railroad journey
1843
  • Thames Tunnel completed
  • Royal Archeaological Society founded
  • A Christmas Carol, Dickens
  • The Flying Dutchman Wagner
  • Siamese twins Chang and Eng marry sisters
1844
  • Morse Telegraph
  • YMCA founded in England
1845
  • Hydrolic crane
  • English Channel submarine cable
  • The Raven, Poe
  • Tannhauser, Wagner
Anglo-Sikh War
  • James Polk, US President
  • Texas, Florida become states
1846
  • Ether used as anaesthetic
  • Electric arc lighting used in the Opera in Paris
  • U. S. Mexican War begins
  • Iowa becomes state
1847
  • Evaporated milk
  • Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte
  • Jane Erye, Charlotte Bronte
  • Mormons found Salt Lake City
1848
  • Lord Kelvin determines absolute zero
  • safety matches
  • First appendectomy
Second Sikh War
  • European revolutions
  • Wisconsin becomse state
  • Queen's College for Women founded in London
  • Wisconsin becomes a state
  • Marx and Engels issue "Communist Manifesto"
1849
  • Dostoevsky sentenced to Siberia until 1858
  • Zachary Taylor becomes US president
  • Disreali becomes head of Conservative Party, England
  • Gold discovered in Australia and California
  • Livingstone crosses Kalahari Desert
  • Bedford College for Women, London
1850'SPopulationGreat Britain 21 milU.S. 23 mil.
1850Telegraph cable under English channel
1851
  • The Elevator
  • Foucault's Pendulum
  • Bunsen burner
  • Royal Meteorological Society, London
  • Sonnets from the Portuguese, E. B. Browning
  • The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne
  • Lohengren, Wagner
  • Jenny Lind, the Swedish nightingale, tours America
Taiping Rebellion
  • The Great Exhibition of London (Crystal Palace)
  • California becomes state
  • Millard Filmore, US President
1851
  • Opthalmoscope
  • Sewing machine, Singer
  • Moby Dick, Melville
  • Rigoletto, Verdi
1852
  • Plaster bandages
  • Bleak House, Dickens
  • Uncle Tom's Cabin, Stowe
Second Burmese War
  • Livingstone explores Zambizi
  • Wells Fargo founded
1853
  • Samuel Colt
  • Hypodermic syringe
  • Chloroform used on Queen Victoria
  • Telegraph system in India
  • Railroad across the Alps
Crimean War begins
  • Franklin Pierce, US President
  • Napoleon III marries Eugenie
  • REconstruction begins at Balmoral Castle
1854
  • Boolean Logic
  • Laryngoscope
  • The Charge of the Light Brigade, Tennyson
  • Republican Party founded in US
  • Working Men's College, London
1855
  • Printing telegraph
  • rayon
  • Cunard steamer crosses Atlantic
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca, Burton
  • Nicholas i dies; succeeded by Alexander II
  • Livingstone discovers Victoria Falls
  • paris World Fair
  • Florence Nightingale begins hospital reforms
1856
  • Cocaine
  • aniline dye
  • Neanderthal skull found
  • Bessemer converter
  • Madame Bovary, Flaubert
Anglo-Chinese War
  • Big Ben is cast
1857
  • Otis Elevator
  • Pasteur explains fermentation
  • Victoria and Albert Museum, London
  • Indian Mutiny
  • James Buchanan, US President
  • Fenians founded
1858
1859
  • Refrigeration
  • Origin of Species Charles Darwin
1860'SPopulationGreat Britain 23 milU.S. 32 mil.
1861U. S. Civil War beginsPrince Albert dies
1864Red Cross established
1870'SPopulationGreat Britain 26 milU.S. 39 mil.
1876Phonograph - Thomas Edison
1879Zulu WarSomerville and Lady Margaret Colleges (for women) founded at Oxford
1880'SPopulationGreat Britain XX milU.S. XX mil.
1886Statue of Liberty completed
1887Heinrich Hertz discovers photoelectric effect
Michelson and Morley are unable to detect ether drift
Eiffel Tower begins construction
1889Nellie Bly travels around the world
1890'SPopulationGreat Britain XX milU.S. XX mil.
1891Motion Pictures
1893First Solar Cells
Zippers
1894Time Machine H. G. Wells
1895Marconi's Wireless Telegraph
1897Diesel Engine
Joseph Thomson discovers the electron
Dracula Bram Stoker
1898
  • Telegraphone
  • Marie and Pierre Curie isolate radium and polonium
War of the Worlds H. G. Wells
1899Boer War begins
1900'S
1901
  • Electric Typewriter
  • Marconi sends a radio signal across the Atlantic
Queen Victoria dies
1906Photoelectric scanning facsimile
1909Einstein promulgates the Theory of Relativity