M&M Stained Glass Types of Glass

Select a type to see our description.

Antique Glass
Baroque Glass
Bevels
Cathedral Glass
Craquel Glass
Drapery Glass
Drawn Antique Glass
Flashed Glass
Fractures and Streamers
Glass Nuggets or Globs
Glue Chip Glass
Iridescent Glass
Jewels
Mottled Glass
Opalescent Glass
Rondels
Stipple Glass
Streaky Glass
Seedy Glass
Textured Glass
Waterglass
Antique Glass
Antique glass can be categorized into three types - Mouth Blown Antique; Flashed Glass; and Drawn Antique. Mouth blown glass is the traditional way to produce a full antique glass. This time honored method relies heavily on the craftsmanship of a master glassblower. This glass is made by blowing a large cyclinder of glass. The ends are then cut off and the cylinder is split lengthwise and flattened to form the sheet. This glass is manufactured by several glass companies - Lamberts, St. Just, DESAG, and Blenko to name a few. See also Flashed Glass and Drawn Antique

Baroque Glass
Wildly swirled textured glass. It is produced by combining two glasses of different compositions, and then stirring them together. Baroque is produced exclusively by Spectrum Glass.

Bevels
A piece of 5mm thick clear or glue chip glass that has a 1/2" wide beveled edge. Bevels come in standard shapes such as squares, rectangles, circles and ovals. Clusters of beveled pieces are very popular for use in doors, sidelights and transoms. Companies that produce beveled clusters include American Bevel, Hilite, and Mika.

Cathedral Glass
Mostly made as a single color glass. This transparent glass is primarily a machine made glass and comes in a variety of textures, such as catspaw, granite, hammered, and ripple. Most glass companies produce cathedral glass, including Armstrong, Kokomo, Spectrum and Wissmach.
Craquel or Crackle Glass
The glass is mouth blown antique glass that has a unique texture on one side. Both Lamberts and St. Just produce this antique glass.

Drapery Glass
This opalescent type glass is formed by passing hot sheets of glass through machine rollers. The top roller moves faster than the bottom roller so the glass bunches up forming a drapery effect. Uroboros Glass produces drapery glass.

Drawn Antique Glass
Molten glass is drawn vertically from the furnace to produce the sheets of this type of glass. It is then passed through rollers as it cools which leaves striations in the surface of the glass. The resulting glass looks similar to mouth blown antique glass. German New Antique (GNA) is produced by DESAG and French New Antique (FNA), also known as Nouvel Antique, is produced by St. Just.
Flashed Glass
A type of mouth blown antique glass that has two or more layers of different colored glasses. Usually a heavy heavy base layer is covered with a thin layer, a flash, of another color. This flash can be engraved, etched or sandbalsted to create designs or the appearance of shading. Flashed glass is produced by Lamberts, St. Just, and DESAG.

Fractures and Streamers
The fractures are thin pieces of glass that are created by breaking thin glass bubbles into small pieces. The streamers are simply thin rods of molten glass that are stretched. These fractures and streamers are spread on the rolling table and become fused to the back of sheets of clear or white opal glass. This produces a glass that is a mutli-colored collage which is very usual in landscapes. Both Bullseye and Uroboros Glass produce this type of glass.

Glass Nuggets or Globs
Glass nuggets or globs are rounded pieces of melted glass that have a flat back and a dome top. They are irregular in shape, from oval to round, and come in small (3/8"), medium (9/16"), or large (1"). Use them as an accent in lamps and panels. Can be sometimes used in place of jewels.

Glue Chip Glass
A clear or colored glass that is sandblasted on one side. Animal hide glue is applied to the roughened surface. As the glue dries and contracts, chips of glass are pulled off the sandblasted surface creating the pattern. Double glue chip is created by repeating the process a second time. We find using this glass as a background for clear bevels produces an excellent effect. The handmade glue chip by Duncan is available in four superb patterns - seafoam, tsunami, ocean and cascade.

Iridescent Glass
This glass has a front surface that looks like is it coated with oil. The highly reflective surface characteristic of this type of glass can be found on both cathedral and opalescent glass.

Jewels
These pieces of glass are formed by one of two methods. The most popular jewels are formed by pressing molten glass into molds. The more expensive method to make a jewel is to hand cut and polish each facet of the jewel. Jewels are available in round, square, oval or tear drop shapes and in a variety of colors. They are used extensively as accents in Victorian windows.

Mottled Glass
This type of glass is most identifiable with Tiffany. It is also known as being the most difficult type of glass to create. It has a characteristic ring of opalescence, also called ring mottle, which gives the glass a three dimensional appearance. It is popular for use in lampshades. Mottled glass is produced by Bullseye, Oceana, Uroboros Glass, Wissmach, and Youghiogheny.

Opalescent Glass
This is a dense glass that allows little light to pass through. Opalescent glass gets its opacity from the adding of flourine to the glass. White opal glass is actually a clear glass that had flourine added to it. Multi-color opalescent glass consists of two or more colors added together.

Rondels
Brillant handspun circles of glass. These circles are available in various sizes and colors. Blenko produces rondels in sizes from 4" to 15" in diameter.

Stipple Glass
This is an opalescent-type glass that has an icy or waxy look to it. Stipple was created by Youghiogheny (pronounced YOKaGAYNEE) to recreate the look of Tiffany, and is especially useful for reproducing Tiffany lampshades.

Streaky Glass
This type of glass is clear or wispy cathedral.

Seedy Glass
Another type of cathedral glass that contains lots of tiny round bubbles. This glass is also known as seedy marine antique. This cathedral glass is produced by Kokomo, Spectrum and Wissmach.

Textured Glass
Cathedral glasses are available in many different classes of textures. These include cotswold, chantily, minister, and warwick. Textured glass is available in clear and a variety of colored glasses. One of the world's largest producers of glass, Pilkington Glass Ltd produces a great selection of textured glass.

Waterglass®
This glass resembles a shimmering texture of rippled water. It is created by stretching a sheet of hot pliable glass. This produces a glass which resembles the surface of water. Iridized Waterglass® is especially appealing. Waterglass® is produced exclusively by Spectrum Glass.

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Web Page created by M&M Stained Glass, Thursday, March 2, 2000
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